(12 resources)

Long March in the Temporalization of Time
Hartog, Francois - School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences, Paris
2010-09-14 12:13:29-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:20:44

Since the publication of his book, Regimes of Historicity: Presentism and Experiences of Time (2003, translated in six languages), which developed the notion of regimes of historicity in order to interrogate our experiences with/of time, in the past and present, here and there, Hartog has undertaken a study of what he calls the long march in the temporalization of time. The questions he asks include: What are the conditions for the temporalization of time? What was necessary to make time become temporal? What kinds of displacements must have occurred in our manner of living, saying, and apprehending it?

Francois Hartog is a Visiting Fellow in the Institute for the Humanities and director of studies at the School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences, Paris, and chair of ancient and modern historiography.
Walkers in the City - Young Jewish Women with Cameras
Dash Moore, Deborah - University of Michigan
2010-09-21 12:16:57-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:14:35

Beginning in the mid-1930s, a number of young American Jewish women picked up cameras to photograph their urban world. They learned their craft at the New York Photo League (1936-1951), a largely Jewish left-wing school and camera club that not only taught photography but also encouraged a way of seeing the world through collaborative projects. Women at the league recognized the city’s gendered practices even as they used their cameras to explore its streets. Several, such as Helen Levitt and Vivian Cherry, focused initially on children and their games, finding music, lyrics, and dance in their street performances. Others, such as Lee Sievan and Rebecca Lepkoff, hung around the city’s poor neighborhoods, especially the Lower East Side, recording prosaic routines and uncovering grace in them. When viewed retrospectively, these photographs let us see intimacies of urban life through women’s eyes at a time when gender constrained most women’s gaze.

Deborah Dash Moore is Professor of History and the Director of the Frankel Center for Judaic Studies.
The Two Lives of Michel Vincent, a French Colonist in Saint-Domingue (c 1730-1804)
Hebrard, Jean - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, France
2010-09-28 12:13:19-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:18:49

When the life of an ordinary man intersects with important events or, more typically, goes its own way in its own time, it leaves documents that open new ways of reading the past. It also provides new understandings that differ from those opened up by political archives or statistical analyses. Michel Vincent, who migrated to Saint-Domingue at the end of the eighteenth-century and lived through the Haitian Revolution, provides such an opportunity. The few archives that include his name reflect the social and racial structures of a colonial society before and during its destruction by free men of color and slaves.

Jean Hebrard is professeur associé at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris and a former Norman Freehling Visiting Professor at the Institute for the Humanities
Critics in the Internet Age - Why Do They Hate Us?
Gleiberman, Owen - Entertainment Weekly
2010-10-05 12:11:04-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:24:20

Once the province of a few elite voices in the dark, film criticism in the Internet age has become an enthusiastic and relentless media cacophony. At the same time, there is more chatter every day about the waning, and even the death, of criticism. Dozens of print-media critics have lost their jobs, and the Web has brought with it the furious bellow of a new kind of anti-critic ideology, one that says, in essence: Critics are losing their jobs because critics have become irrelevant.

But is that true? If you believe, as I do, that criticism is now anything but irrelevant—that it’s thriving in new ways in the digital era—then the cultural hostility to criticism becomes all the more striking. What is it about? Do critics really not matter anymore? Or is it that a lot of people no longer want them to matter? There’s a big difference.

Owen Gleiberman has been Entertainment Weekly's film critic since the magazine's launch in 1990. Before that, he was a film critic at the Boston Phoenix from 1981-89. His work has been published in Premiere and Film Comment and anthologized in the film criticism anthology Love and Hisses. He also reviews movies for National Public Radio and for NY 1, New York City's 24-hour cable news station. He is a graduate of the University of Michigan and Pioneer High School in Ann Arbor.
A Poetry Reading in Translation
Adonis - poet
2010-10-12 12:11:45-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:14:02

Considered one of the Arab world's greatest living poets, Adonis is the author of numerous collections, including Mihyar of Damascus; A Time Between Ashes and Roses; If Only the Sea Could Sleep; The Pages of Day and Night; Transformations of the Lover; The Book of the Five Poems; The Blood of Adonis, winner of the Syria-Lebanon Award of the International Poetry Forum; Songs of Mihyar the Damascene; Leaves in the Wind; and First Poems. He is also an essayist, an editor of anthologies, a theoretician of poetics, and the translator of several works from French into Arabic. Adonis's awards and honors include the first ever International Nâzim Hikmet Poetry Award, the Syria-Lebanon Best Poet Award, and the Highest Award of the International Poem Biennial in Brussels. He was elected as Stephen Mallarme Academy Member in Paris in 1983. He has taught at the Lebanese University as a professor of Arabic literature, at Damascus University, and at the Sorbonne. He has been a Lebanese citizen since 1961 and currently lives in Paris.
English Literature of the Early Qing Dynasty
Porter, David - University of Michigan
2010-10-26 12:14:44-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:03:56

China played a leading role in Goethe's conceptualization of world literature, but has hovered uncomfortably on the margins ever since. The conundrum posed by China in conceptions of world literature arguably stems from three important (and inter-related) problematics. First, comparative frameworks juxtaposing "Chinese" with "Western" literatures have often fallen into the ruts of predictably essentializing East/West binaries. Second, the sinocentrism of much traditional Chinese literary study has proven as resistant to capaciously comparative perspectives as has the more familiar Eurocentrism of the Euro-American academy. And third, the sheer vastness of the Chinese literary landscape presents difficulties for any kind of "representative," let alone "democratic" process of selection for a canon (or even a textbook anthology) of World Literature.

In an attempt to better grasp the history of some of these dynamics, this paper will investigate how "Chinese literature" has been constructed as a canon, a discipline, or a foil for Western audiences since the time of the first Jesuit missions. It will offer a snapshot of several key stages in the emergence of the category of Chinese literature in English-speaking countries, with special attention to the ways in which the construction of this category was shaped by contemporary conceptions of both British/U.S. national literatures and "world literature."

David Porter is professor of English and comparative literature and a faculty associate of the Center for Chinese Studies at the University of Michigan. His research interests include travel literature, aesthetics, eighteenth-century cultural history, China and the West, and Internet culture. His publications include Ideographia: The Chinese Cipher in Early Modern Europe, Internet Culture, and Between Men and Feminism.
The Book as Such in the Russian Avant-Garde
Perloff, Nancy - Getty Research Institute
2010-11-02 12:12:39-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:20:51

Since the 1970s, scholarship on the historical avant-gardes has extended well beyond painting to encompass the illustrated book and other forms of print media. Yet modernist studies still pays little attention to the collaborative books of the Russian Futurists–poets Alexei Kruchenykh and Velimir Khlebnikov and artists Mikhail Larionov, Natalia Goncharova, Olga Rozanova, and Kazimir Malevich. It is Nancy Perloff's contention that these pocket-sized, hand-lithographed books, with their transrational language of zaum or “beyonsense” and their neo-primitive, Cubo-Futurist, and Rayist imagery, are crucial to our understanding not only of the Russian avant-garde, but of modernism more broadly. Zaum was both archaic incantation and Futurist neologism and marked the beginning of sound poetry. Poets and artists juxtaposed sound with word and image, and used humor and parody to explore tensions between past and future, sacred and secular, rural and urban. This analysis will place these tensions and the role of the avant-garde book as a vessel of sound within the context of the crisis enveloping Russia between the 1905 Revolution and the Bolshevik takeover of 1917.

Nancy Perloff’s scholarship addresses the Russian avant-garde, European modernism, and the relationship between sound and the visual arts. Her exhibition, Sea Tails: A Video Collaboration (2004), recreated the American composer David Tudor’s only video work and inspired her article for Leonardo Music Journal, 2004. Her essay, “Sound Poetry and the Musical Avant-Garde”, appeared in fall 2009 in The Sound of Poetry / The Poetry of Sound, (University of Chicago), and she published “Schwitters Redesigned: A Postwar Ursonate from the Getty Archives” in the Journal of Design History (June 2010). Nancy’s exhibition, Tango with Cows: Book Art of the Russian Avant-Garde, 1910 – 1917 (2008 - 2009) –which travels to the Block Museum at Northwestern University in fall 2011–used the GRI’s Russian modernist collections to highlight the avant-garde’s transformation of the book and experimentation with word-image-sound. Her Monuments of the Future: Designs by El Lissitzky (1998 - 99) and subsequent book, Situating El Lissitzky (GRI, 2003), also featured GRI holdings. Current projects include an essay on Natalia Goncharova and continued research on the early Russian avant-garde.
Trusting Masters, Faithful Captives - Ransom and Credit in the Early-Modern Mediterranean
Hershenzon, Daniel - University of Michigan
2010-11-09 12:14:43-04:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:10:16

This talk examines the problem of trust and trade across the sea in the context of captivity and ransom in early-modern North Africa. Scholars have assumed that in seventeenth-century Spain, ransom of Christian captives from Muslim lands became the business of the crown and of the church. However, small-scale, longue durée networks of ransom continued to thrive and even to support state-run institutionalized ransom. The persistence of these networks created a problem: how to establish trust between captives, captors, and intermediaries who negotiated ransom deals, who were not family members but rather potential enemies, and yet who bound themselves in a single business deal, knowing they would never be involved in future transactions?
This talk answers the question by first reconstructing the networks of ransom, credit, and trust and a class of intermediaries–Jews, Muslim, Moriscos, renegades, European merchants, captives, and ex-captives–that facilitated the return home of captives independently from the large institutionalized operations of rescue. Mr. Hershenzon argues that socialized trust, essential for the success of these transactions, was not established on the good will of interfaith subjects but rather was guaranteed by an array of Hapsburg and Maghribi political, legal, and social mechanisms and institutions that operated independently one from the other. Focusing on these small-scale networks, rather than on royal and church institutional ransom operations, complicates the image of the Mediterranean these institutions attempted to produce. Rather than a sea divided exclusively along religious and imperial lines—a division which is supposedly broken only when institutionalized players such as the church and the crown interfere—the Mediterranean emerges out of a self-perpetuating flow of transactions.

Daniel Hershenzon is a former Mary Ives Hunting and David D. Hunting, Sr. Graduate Student Fellow at the U-M Institute for the Humanities and a graduate student in the U-M Department of History.
Animals, Mothers, and Medieval France
McCracken, Peggy - University of Michigan
2010-11-16 12:13:01-05:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:08:36

In medieval France, as in medieval Europe more generally, writers maintain a rigid boundary between the animal and the human even as they constantly interrogate it. Stories about werewolves and other animal-human transformations are recounted as natural wonders, demonic manipulations, or as literary inventions, and scholars have used such representations to think about medieval understandings of embodiment, of change, and of what constitutes the human. Such scholarly investigations rarely consider gender alongside animality and humanity. The legends associated with the ancestry of Godefroi de Bouillon, participant in the First Crusade and first western ruler of Jerusalem, invite an exploration of animality and maternity, and suggest a negotiation of the value of gendered animality in the narrative of Christian heroism.

Peggy McCracken is Professor of French and Women's Studies and Associate Dean for Academic Initiatives, Rackham Graduate School. Her teaching and research interests are, broadly defined, in the intersections of medieval literature, history, and theory. Her research focuses on romance narratives as well as on medieval theatre, poetry, chansons de geste, and medical and theological discourses.
We Are Exactly What We Seem - Notes on Interpreting a Black Property Rights Movement
Connolly, Nathan - Johns Hopkins University
2010-11-30 12:13:01-05:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:08:36

Drawing from his research on mid-twentieth century South Florida and the broader Jim Crow South, Nathan Connolly demonstrates how the history of black property rights revises several assumptions governing discussions of power, politics, and racial memory in modern America. Connolly argues, first and foremost, that there was, indeed, a "Property Rights Movement" as complex and robust as black peoples' more celebrated struggles for civil or voting rights. He then contends that within the very methods scholars must employ to locate struggles over black property rights lay tools for desegregating how we think, talk, and write about "big" transformations in American politics and capitalism, including the so-called "Rise of the Right," the sub-prime mortgage crisis, and the evolution of racial segregation itself. At a time where centrist scholarship continues to reduce non-white actors to either progressive caricatures or hapless victims (when not ignoring them entirely), Connolly suggests that the Jim Crow era has much to teach us about the historical force of racially informed self-interest-material and intellectual, past and present.

Nathan Connolly is assistant professor of history at Johns Hopkins University. He is the winner of the Institute for Humanities' third Emerging Scholars Prize. Connolly received his PhD in history from Michigan in 2008. His book, A World More Concrete: Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida, is forthcoming from the University of Chicago Press.
The Shakespearean Circle: Lawyers, Literary Criticism, and Professional Self-Fashioning in Late Imperial Russia
Arnold, Yana - University of Michigan
2010-12-07 12:12:00-05:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:13:13

Yana Arnold specializes in Slavic Languages and Literatures

This talk explores the literary activities of Russian lawyers within the Shakespearean circle, a literary body which was founded by the prominent lawyer Vladimir Spasovich in 1874 and remained active in the intellectual life of Saint-Petersburg for over two decades. The profession of the lawyer, introduced in Russia by the legal reform of 1864, was a novel cultural phenomenon. Their remarkable success as court speakers in widely publicized trials gradually transformed Russian lawyers into true celebrities whose defense speeches were read by their contemporaries on par with the best fiction by Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, and Chekhov. At the same time, the popularity of lawyers, combined with their status as the champions of individual rights in the context of absolutism, gave rise to a powerful wave of criticism by conservatives and liberals alike.

In her talk, Arnold suggests that the lawyers saw participation in the literary life of the time as the main avenue for self-fashioning against the grain of public opinion. Their literary activities enabled them to shift the dubious image of their profession towards a more positive one: as lovers of literature, civically minded intellectuals, and men of honor. By looking at the literary criticism penned by lawyers, along with their lore of self-fashioning, Arnold draws the conclusion that literary criticism helped the lawyer to position himself on the public podium right next to the Russian writer, the traditional defender of the little man against the arbitrary authority of the Russian state.
Children as Spoils of War: Displaced Children, Ethnic Cleansing, and International Humanitarianism in Twentieth-Century Europe
Arnold, Yana - University of Michigan
2010-12-14 12:13:00-05:00
Ann Arbor, MI - University of Michigan - Room 2022, 202 S. Thayer St.
Duration: 01:21:00

Tara Zahra is an Assistant Professor of East European History at the University of Chicago

In the twentieth century, the loss and recovery of children was central to the experiences of war and postwar reconstruction. This talk examines how and why children became a "spoil of war" during the Armenian genocide, the Spanish Civil War, and the Second World War and Holocaust. In each case, the transfer of children to a "foreign" nation or religion was presented not only as a humanitarian offense against individuals, but as a wartime assault against entire nations. After both World Wars, the recovery of lost children was tightly linked to national regeneration by communities decimated by war, displacement, and genocide. Zahra suggests that the rise of new forms of humanitarian and human rights activism around children and of ethnic cleansing were flip sides of the same coin. Children were not only privileged over adults by humanitarian activists because they were seen as more vulnerable or innocent than their parents. They were favored because they were seen as more assimilable to homogenous nation-states. Children were therefore perceived to be more valuable immigrants, workers, and future citizens than their elders. These "lost children" were both victims and beneficiaries of the drive to create nationally homogenous states in Europe. The perceived ability of children to learn new languages, religions, and identities saved many of their lives. But this ability to assimilate was a double-edged sword. In a world of warring nationalist movements and population politics, it also transformed children into a form of wartime plunder, to be captured and remolded by nations looking to expand their ranks.